Design of logistics systems as a composition of effective functioning of enterprise
Given the fact that logistics activity takes place in a very dynamic environment the state of the logistics system should be constantly monitored, analyzed and evaluated. The research is devoted to an important and at the same time complicated issue – the process of designing logistics systems as an important component of the operation of the enterprise. This problem is not fully understood both at the theoretical level and in the field of practical application of design principles. The purpose of scientific research is to determine the essence, tasks and features of the processes of designing logistics systems. The authors use such research methods as descriptive, comparative and systemic. The essence of the concepts of “project” and “design” is considered in the article. The main tasks of designing logistic systems are determined and possible conditions of their implementation are given. The study found the most important factors determining the success of the project on design of logistics systems. A system of branch logistic functions has been proposed. The factors that determine the success of logistics systems implementation are systematized. On the basis of the research, general recommendations for the design of logistics systems at any type of enterprise have been generated. The list of solutions that are accepted in the process of designing logistics systems has been proposed. Stages and steps in the design of logistics systems have been identified according to the tasks of designing logistic systems. Research results have shown that designing logistics systems should take into account the possible risks of implementing a solution and calculate with the help of mathematical models, possible benefits and losses for the enterprise. In addition recommendations to boost the efficiency of designing logistics systems have been distinguished.
JEL Classification: D24, L23, L90.
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