Study on the use of information weapons as an instrument of state power politics in public administration
Purpose. The paper purpose is to study the practice of using information weapons during internal conflicts and to develop recommendations to counteract attempts to destabilize the social and political system in the context of ensuring national security and preserving the national sovereignty of the country.
Design/methodology/approach. The basic principles of the research are historical method, systematic and comparative methods, institutional and structural-functional approaches have been used.
Findings. The article is devoted to the study of the practice of using information weapons during interstate conflicts and coups d'etat, using the example of genocide in Rwanda. The study suggests the definition of information weapons as an instrument of destabilizing influence on the state's social and political system and analyzes the consequences of its application, as well as their impact on the political and socio-economic system of the state as a whole. Certain methods of information and psychological influence on society, applied during the conflict in question, have been determined and analyzed.
The introduction of increased individual criminal liability of those holding public information for the use of methods of information impact during intra-state conflicts, which entailed grave consequences, has been suggested.
The relevance of the topic under research is conditioned by the need to improve the efficiency of the national security of the country and to develop an effective strategy of state response to attempts to destabilize the country's socio-political system, in particular through information and psychological impact.
Research limitations/implications. As a conclusion, it is proved that the information weapon used during internal conflicts significantly burdens their consequences. Accordingly, the changes in the national legislation of countries with an unstable and potentially unstable political situation to increase the responsibility (including criminal) for the use of means, methods and technologies of information weapons against the population or its part on the basis of ethnic, racial, national, religious, linguistic and other differences are suggested.
Originality/value. The paper studies the process of information and psychological impact in order to obtain political and economic advantages in the course of intra-state conflicts and analyses certain methods of information and psychological impact on society.
Balezin, A. S., Voevodskij A. V., Davidson, A. B and others (2014), Afrika: istorija i istoriki [Africa: History and Historians], Vysshaja shkola jekonomiki, M., 447p.
Bevz, T. A. (2012), Fenomen ‘revoliutsiia’ u dyskursakh myslyteliv, politykiv, naukovtsiv [The phenomenon of ‘revolution’ in the discourses of missionaries, politicians, scientists], Nats. akad. nauk Ukrainy, In-t polit. i etnonats. doslidzh. im. I. F. Kurasa, Kyiv: IPiEND, 176 p.
B'jukenen, P. Dzh. (2003), Smert' Zapada [Death of the West], Мoscow: АСТ ; St.-Petersburg, Russia: Terra Fantastica, 444 p.
Giddens, Je. (2011), Posledstvija sovremennosti [Consequences of the Present], translated by: Ol'hovikova, G. K., Kibal'chicha, D. A. and Dmitrieva, T. A., M.: Izdatel'skaja i konsaltingovaja gruppa “Praksis”, 352 p.
Glazunov, O. (2006), Gosudarstvennyj perevorot. Strategija i tehnologii. [The coup d'etat. Strategy and technology], Moscow, OLMA-PRESS Obrazovanie, 448p.
Hobbes, T. Sochinenija [Texts], in ed., translated by: Sokolov, V.V., Moscow, Mysl', Vol.1, 622p.
Gromova, A. V. (2009), “The role and place of MASS-Media in the preparation and conduct of “color revolutions”, Ph.D. Thesis: 10.01.10., Moscow, 209p.
Hurkovs'kyj, V. I. (2010), “Features of the use of information weapons in the global information society”, Derzhavne upravlinnia: udoskonalennia ta rozvytok, Vol. 4, available at: http://www.dy.nayka.com.ua/?op=1&z=123 (Accessed 22.09.2018).
Zharkov, Ya. M. and Onyschuk, M. I. (2009), “Information-psychological weapons: the challenges of the twenty-first century”, Visnyk Kyivs'koho natsional'noho universytetu imeni Tarasa Shevchenka. Vijs'kovo-spetsial'ni nauky, Issue 22, pp.42-44.
Kant, I. (1963), Sochinenija [Texts], in ed., translated by: Asmus, V.F, Gulyga, A.V. and Ojzerman T.I., M.: Mysl', Vol.1, 543 p.
Karpovich, O. G. and Manojlo, A. V. (2015), Cvetnye revoljucii: teorija i praktika demontazha sovremennyh politicheskih rezhimov [Color revolutions: theory and practice of dismantling modern political regimes] Moscow, Juniti-Dana, 111 p.
Kravec', G. V. (2013), “Revolution as a mechanism for changing the vector of the politi-cal process”, Ph.D. Thesis: 23.00.02, PNPU іmenі K. D. Ushins'kogo, Odesa, 216 p.
Krivushin, I. V. (2009), “Rwandan geno-cide: causes, nature, meaning”, Pax Africana: kontinent i diaspora v poiskah sebja, Мoscow, pp. 245-260.
Luttvak, E. N. (2012), Coup. D’Etat: A Prac-tical Handbook (2012), translated by: Russian Foundation for Assistance to Education and Science, Мoscow, University of Dmitry Pozharsky, 326 p.
International Tribunal for Rwanda, Official website of the United Nations, available at: http://www.un.org/ru/law/ictr/charter.shtml (Accessed 22.09.2018).
Mezhens'ka, O.V. (2014), “The content and correlation of the concepts of “state coup”, “military coup” and “political coup”, Hrani: Naukovo-teoretychnyj i hromads'ko-politychnyj al'manakh, Vol.3, pp.46-53.
Olijnyk, O. V. (2014), “The state of infor-mation security in Ukraine”, Yurydychnyj visnyk. Povitriane i kosmichne pravo, Vol. 2, pp. 59-65.
Petrov, M. (2005), Mehanizmy gosudarstvennyh perevorotov [Mechanisms of coups d'etat], M.: AST; Minsk: Harvest, 400 p.
Plato (1994), Sochinenija [Texts], in ed., translated by: Asmus, V.F, Losev, A.F. and Taho-Godi, A.A., Moscow, Mysl', Vol. 3, 654p.
Sasyn, H. (2015), “Color revolutions: es-sence, main features, causes of origin and politi-cal consequences”, Science and Education a New Dimension. Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol. III (7), Issue 42, pp. 40-42.
Semenova, T.N. (2014), “About forms of transition of the government in the modern globalizing world”, Filosofija i obshhestvo: Nauchno-teoreticheskij zhurnal, Vol.2 (74), pp.78-91.
Shevchenko, M.M. (2014), “Model of regional disintegration of the state as a component of a comprehensive model of state response to threats to national security”, Naukovo-informatsijnyj visnyk Akademii natsional'noi bezpeky, Vol.2, pp.26-35.
Brinton, C. (1965), The Anatomy of Revolution. Revised and expanded edition. N. Y.: Vintage Books, 310 р.
Case Study: Genocide in Rwanda, 1994, available at: http://www.gendercide.org/case_rwanda.html (Accessed 22.09.2018).
Editorial: A Cockroach (Inyenzi) Cannot Bring Forth a Butterfly. Kangura No. 40. Primary sources from the Rwandian Genocide. RwandaFile, available at: https://www.newtimes.co.rw/section/read/73836 (Accessed 22.09.2018).
Genocide archive of Rwanda, available at: http://www.genocidearchiverwanda.org.rw/index.php/Welcome_to_Genocide_Archive_Rwanda (Accessed 22.09.2018).
Prunier, G. (1995),The Rwanda Crisis: History of a Genocide. New York: Columbia University Press, 389 p.
Goldstone, J. (1991), An analytical framework. Revolutions of the late twentieth century, Boulder : Westview Press, pp. 37-51.
Goldstone, J. (1991), Revolution and rebellion in the early Modern World, Berkeley: University of California press, 600 р.
Goldstone, J. (1982), The Comparative and Historical Study of Revolutions. Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 8., pp 187-207.
Hassan Ngeze's indictment confirmed, Official website of the International Tribunal for Rwanda, available at: http://unictr.unmict.org/en/news/hassan-ngezes-indictment-confirmed (Accessed 22.09.2018).
Hate Radio: Rwanda, Radio Netherlands Worldwide, 2.04.2004, available at: https://www.rnw.org/archive/hate-radio-rwanda (Accessed 22.09.2018).
Haperen, M. (2012), "The Rwandan Genocide", The Holocaust and Other Genocides. An Introduction (Amsterdam University Press), pp. 97-119.
Nahimana et al. (Media case) (ICTR-99-52), Official website of the International Tribunal for Rwanda, available at: http://unictr.unmict.org/en/cases/ictr-99-52 (Accessed 22.09.2018).
Ruggiu, G. (ICTR-97-32), Official website of the International Tribunal for Rwanda, available at: http://unictr.unmict.org/en/cases/ictr-97-32 (Accessed 22.09.2018).
Seromba, A. (ICTR-01-66), Official website of the International Tribunal for Rwanda, available at: http://unictr.unmict.org/en/cases/ictr-01-66 (Accessed 22.09.2018).
Yanagizawa-Drott, D. (2014-11-01). «Propaganda and Conflict: Evidence from the Rwandan Genocide» (en). The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 129 (4): 1947–1994.