Analysis of the role and motivation of human capital in the post-pandemic period of COVID-19

Keywords: human capital, motivation, human resource


In this era of globalization, human capital as human capital is a determining factor in ensuring social and cultural progress. Human capital is able to develop itself and contribute to understanding the problems that exist in science and high technology, social, and modern economy. In creating quality education, it is determined by the role of human capital, namely the teacher as a role holder in the world of education who has the ability of intellectual capital to transfer knowledge. The quality of human capital will determine the quality of the transfer of knowledge. This study uses qualitative research so that it will produce descriptive data. This study was carried out in a Junior High School in the Malang district. 67% of human capital has carried out skills development in the form of online learning media training, 50% participated in training dissemination from teachers who had attended training, and as many as 33% had never participated in scientific activities. This shows that the quality and motivation of teachers as human capital in self-development is quite high.

JEL Classification: J24, E22, M12, M14.


Afiouni, F. (2013). Human capital management: a new name for HRM?. International Journal of Learning and Intellectual Capital 10(1), 18–34.

Campbell, B. A., Saxton, B. M., & Banerjee, P. M. (2014). Resetting the shot clock: The effect of comobility on human capital. Journal of Management, 40(2), 531- 556.

Chikwe, Christian .K., Ogidi, Reuben .C., Nwachukwu, K. (2015). Challenges of Research and Human Capital Development in Nigeria. Journal of Education and Practice. 6 (28). 44-47.

Crook, T. R., Todd, S. Y., Combs, J. G., Woehr, D. J. Ketchen, D. J. (2011). Does human capital matter? A meta-analysis of the relationship between human capital and firm performance. Journal of Applied Psychology. 96(3). 443-456.

Djarwanto. (2011). Pokok-Pokok Analisis Laporan Keuangan. Edisi Kedua.

Duarte Alonso, A., & Bressan, A. (2016). A resource-based view of the firm and micro and small Italian wine firms. International Journal of Wine Business Research, 28(4).

Gaol L, Jimmy. (2014). A to Z Human Capital : Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia. PT. Grasindo : Jakarta.

Hitt, M. A., Bierman, L., Shimizu, K., & Kochhar, R. 2001. Direct and moderating effects of human capital on strategy and performance in professional service firms: A resource based perspective. Academy of Management Journal, 44(1), 13-28.

Kucharcikova. (2011). Human Capital – Definition and Approaches. Journal of Human Resources Management and Ergonomics. 5 (1).

Lajili, K. (2015). Embedding human capital into governance design: a conceptual framework. Journal of Management & Governance. 19 (4). 762.

Lin, L., Huang, I., Du, P & Lin, T. (2012). Human capital disclosure and organizational performance. Management Decision. 50(10). 1790 – 1799.

Meyer, M., Roodt, G. & Robbins, M. (2011). Human resources risk management: Governing people risks for improved performance. SA Journal of Human Resource Management. 9(1). DOI:10.4102/sajhrm.v9i1.366.

Narayan, R. (2010). Human resource accounting: A new paradigm in the era of globalization. Asian Journal of Management Research. 237-244.

Ndinguri, E., Prieto, L., & Machtmes, K. (2012). Human Capital Development, Dynamics: The Knowledge Based Approach, Academy of Strategic Management Journal.

Ordóñez de Pablos, P. & Edvinsson, L. (2015). Intellectual Capital in Organizations: Non-Financial Reports and Accounts. New York: Routledge.

Pasban, M. Nojedeh, S., H. (2016). A Review of the Role of Human Capital in the Organization. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 230. 249 – 253.

Pelinescu, E. (2015). The impact of human capital on economic growth. 2nd International Conference ‘Economic Scientific Research - Theoretical, Empirical and
Practical Approaches’, Procedia Economics and Finance 22. 184 – 190.

Rehman, W. U., Rehman, C. A., Rehman, H. U., Zahid, A. (2011). Intellectual Capital Performance and Its Impact on Corporate Performance: An Empirical Evidence from Modaraba Sector of Pakistan. Australian Journal of Business and Management Research. 1(5). 8-16.

Suhairi, Rahmadhani, S., Lestari, A., I., & Rahma, S. (2020). Human Capital Management Strategy And Human Resources Changing Nature. Journal of Management and Business Innovations. 02, (01). 33-40

Skoog, M. (2003). Visualizing value creation through the management control of intangibles. Journal of Intellectual Capital. 4(4). 487-504.

Stewart, T. A. (1997). Intellectual capital: the new wealth of organizations. New York: Doubleday/Currency.

Sveiby, K. E. (2007). Disabling the context for knowledge work: the role of managers' behaviours. Management Decision. 45(10). 1636-1655.

Wickramasinghe, V., & Fonseka, N. (2012). Human resource measurement and reporting in manufacturing and service sectors in Sri Lanka. Journal of Human Resource Costing & Accounting. 16(3). 235-252.

Wright, P.M., McMahan, G.C., & McWilliams, A. (1994). Human Resources and Sustained Competitive Advantage: A resource-based perspective. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 5: 301–26.

Wyatt, A., & Frick, H. (2010). Accounting for investments in human capital: A review. Australian Accounting Review 54, 20(3), 199-220.

Zeghal, D.. Maaloul, A. (2010). Analysing Value Added as An Indicator of Intellectual Capital and Its Consequences on Company Performance. Journal of intellectual Capital 11. 39-60.

Zlatea, S., Enacheb, C. (2015). The interdependence between human capital and organizational performance in higher education. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 180. 136–143
How to Cite
Rahayu, W. and Kala’lembang, A. (2023) “Analysis of the role and motivation of human capital in the post-pandemic period of COVID-19”, Management and Entrepreneurship: Trends of Development, 1(23), pp. 28-36. doi: