Capturing cadets’ self-efficacy to promote safe future of seafarer
Human error that causes accidents is one of the most significant concerns of maritime sectors. In fact, most accidents happen mainly due to human error, therefore good decision making is needed. In facing problem, one of the important skills is self-efficacy. The purpose of the article is to explore ways to improve self-efficacy in order to ensure a safe future for seafarers. Cadets should have great self-efficacy in order to make future seafaring safely (even in unexpected condition). This study reports the cadets’ self-efficacy at Collision Prevention regulations on Sea and Guard Service course. The data was taken quantitatively. 142 cadets of the deck department were asked to respond Generalized Self Efficacy questionnaire (GSE). This investigation points out that cadets’ self-efficacy is greater than the international average of GSE. However, cadets need to develop creative thinking skill in dealing with unexpected condition or someone who opposes in gaining their goal. These findings suggest that self-efficacy should be integrated into classroom learning. For the next research instructional design can be developed to improve self-efficacy skill effectively and efficiently.
JEL Classification: J20, J28
Bandura, A. (1982), “The assessment and predictive generality of self-percepts of efficacy”, Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 13(3), pp.195-199. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0005-7916(82)90004-0
Bandura, A. (1986), “Social foundations of thought and action: Social cognitive theory”, in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Bandura, A. (2006), “Toward a Psychology of Human Agency”, Perspectives on Psychological Science. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-6916.2006.00011.x
Barry, C. L. and Finney, S. J. (2009), “Can We Feel Confident in How We Measure College Confidence?”, Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 42(3), pp. 197-222. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0748175609344095
Bin, L. (2006), “Behavior of ship officers in maneuvering to prevent a collision”, Journal of Marine Science and Technology, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp. 225-230.
Chemers, M. M., Hu, L. and Garcia, B. F. (2001), “Academic self-efficacy and first year college student performance and adjustment”, Journal of Educational Psychology, 93(1), pp.55–64. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0618.104.22.168
Dane, E., Rockmann, K. W. and Pratt, M. G. (2012), “When should I trust my gut? Linking domain expertise to intuitive decision-making effectiveness”, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.obhdp.2012.07.009
Emad, G. and Roth, W. M. (2008), “Contradictions in the practices of training for and assessment of competency”, Education + Training, 50(3), pp.260-272. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/00400910810874026
Goulielmos, A. M., Lathouraki, G. and Giziakis, C. (2012), “The quest of marine accidents due to human error, 1998‐2011”, International Journal of Emergency Services, 1(1), pp.39-70. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/20470891211239317
Hall, K. A. (2010), The effect of computer-based simulation training on fire ground incident commander decision -making.
Helmreich, R. L., Merritt, A. C. and Wilhelm, J. A. (1999), “The evolution of crew resource management training in commercial aviation”, International Journal of Aviation Psychology. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327108ijap0901_2
Hepler, T. J. and Feltz, D. L. (2012), “Path Analysis Examining Self-Efficacy and Decision-Making Performance on a Simulated Baseball Task”, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 83(1), pp.55-64, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2012.10599825
Jezewska, M., Grubman Nowak, M. and Mory’s, J. (n.d.), “Quality of life at sea in Polish seafarer’s evaluation”, Int. Marit. Health, 66, pp.247-251.
Jordanoaia, F. (2010), “MASTER OF THE SHIP, MANAGER AND INSTRUCTOR”, Management and Marketing, Craiova.
Kim, J.-H. and Jang, S.-N. (2018), “Seafarers’ Quality of Life: Organizational Culture, Self-Efficacy, and Perceived Fatigue”, Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, available at: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/15/10/2150 (Accessed: 20 May 2020).
Klein, G. (2008), “Naturalistic Decision Making”, Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 50(3), pp.456-460. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1518/001872008X288385
Klein, G. A., Calderwood, R. and MacGregor, D. (1989), “Critical decision method for eliciting knowledge”, IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, 19(3), pp.462-472. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/21.31053
Klein, M. (1998), “Method for fabricating a battery electrode”, Journal of Power Sources, 70(1), p. 135. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-7753(97)84004-9
Komarraju, M., and Nadler, D. (2013), “Self-efficacy and academic achievement: Why do implicit beliefs, goals, and effort regulation matter?”, Learning and Individual Differences, 25, pp. 67-72. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2013.01.005
Pajares, F. (2003), “SELF-EFFICACY BELIEFS, MOTIVATION, AND ACHIEVEMENT IN WRITING: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE”, Reading and Writing Quarterly, 19(2), pp.139-158. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10573560308222
Randel, J. M., Pugh, H. L. and Reed, S. K. (1996), “Differences in expert and novice situation awareness in naturalistic decision making”, International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 45(5), pp.579-597. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1006/ijhc.1996.0068
Scholz, U., Doña, B. G., Sud, S. and Schwarzer, R. (2002), “Is general self-efficacy a universal construct?”, European Journal of Psychological Assessment. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1027//1015-5722.214.171.124
Schwarzer, R. and Jerusalem, M. (1995), Generalized self-efficacy scale. Measures in Health Psychology: A User’s Portfolio, NFER-NELSON.
Wang, J. and Zhang, S. M. (2000), “Management of human error in shipping operations”, Professional Safety, 45(10), pp. 23-28.
Wei, M., Russell, D. W. and Zakalik, R. A. (2005), “Adult Attachment, Social Self-Efficacy, Self-Disclosure, Loneliness, and Subsequent Depression for Freshman College Students: A Longitudinal Study”, Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52(4), pp.602-614. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0126.96.36.1992